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Women Economists on the Post-Pandemic Recovery

The Commons publishes opinions by women economists. Economics has a crucial role to play in building the post-pandemic world and setting policies that affect global welfare, yet the field remains predominantly male. Men hold 85 percent of full economics professorships at U.S. universities and so far have published about the same proportion of working papers on Covid-19, according to preliminary research. Women need to take their rightful place in these conversations. Their experiences and views can offer different approaches and solutions.

The Commons, named for the work of Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom, is a forum for these ideas. Founder and editor: Andrea Gurwitt. Email: [email protected].

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Andrea Velásquez

Andrea Velásquez is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Colorado Denver. In Colombia, her native country, she earned a B.A. and M.A. in economics at the Universidad de los Andes, and she holds a Ph.D. and M.A. degree in Economics from Duke University.

At Duke she was part of the team that designed and implemented the third wave of the Mexican Family Life Survey (MxFLS), a nationally representative longitudinal survey of the Mexican population. Using this longitudinal data Velásquez has examined the hidden costs to society of unanticipated socioeconomic shocks, such as the unprecedented surge in violent crime that took place in Mexico during the late 2000s. This work includes investigations of the effects of violence on labor market outcomes, human capital accumulation, and risk aversion.

Her work has also examined the unintended consequences of U.S. immigration enforcement policies on native’s labor outcomes, the gendered differences in labor market reallocation in response to trade liberalization in Peru, and the effect of temperature shocks on labor market and migratory decisions in El Salvador. Through her research she has found that women are particularly vulnerable to these types of shocks. In her current projects she continues to explore the pathways by which women's outcomes are disproportionately affected, with a goal of producing policy-relevant evidence that may help mitigate the widening of the gender gap produced by these shocks.

When Violence Goes Up the Income Gap Widens. Something Needs to Be Done